Art as more than a mere visual representation of objective reality: What motivating factors are there?
Explore how early modern artists forged new directions in painting. Rise of the Modern City Discover the ways in which artists and architects engaged with the landscape of modern cities.
Modern Landscapes Discover groundbreaking techniques in early modern landscape paintings.
Modern Portraits Explore how early modern painters pushed the boundaries of traditional portraiture. Popular Culture Learn about how popular culture influenced modern art.
The birth of modernism and modern art can be traced to the Industrial Revolution. This period of rapid changes in manufacturing, transportation, and technology began around the midth century and lasted through the 19th century, profoundly affecting the social, economic, and cultural conditions of life in Western Europe, North America, and eventually the world.
New forms of transportation, including the railroad, the steam engine, and the subway, changed the way people lived, worked, and traveled, expanding their worldview and access to new ideas.
As urban centers prospered, workers flocked to cities for industrial jobs and urban populations boomed. A Modern Art Before the 19th century, artists were most often commissioned to make artwork by wealthy patrons or institutions like the church. Much of this art depicted religious or mythological scenes that told stories intended to instruct the viewer.
During the 19th century, many artists started to make art based in their own, personal experiences and about topics that they chose. Challenging the notion that art must realistically depict the world, some artists experimented with the expressive use of colornon-traditional materialsand new techniques and mediums.
Among these new mediums was photography, whose invention in offered radical possibilities for depicting and interpreting the world. MoMA collects work made afterwhen the atmosphere was ripe for avant-garde artists to take their work in new, surprising, and modern directions.
The customs, arts, social institutions, and achievements of a particular nation, people, or other social group.Arguably the most eventful period in the history of art, the 20th century witnessed the birth (foreshadowed at the end of the 19th century) and outgrowth of abstraction, along with innumerable movements that came and went amidst radical changes across the globe.
Some of most influential modern and contemporary art movements and developments of the century include Fauvism, Cubism, Futurism, Dada, Surrealism, Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Photorealism, and Neo-Expressionism.
A Modern Art. Before the 19th century, artists were most often commissioned to make artwork by wealthy patrons or institutions like the church. Much of this art depicted religious or mythological scenes that told stories intended to instruct the viewer.
During the 19th century, many artists started to make art based in their own, personal . Modern Photographic Art. Practiced by many of the world's greatest photographers, these genres have made a major contribution to modern art of the 20th century.
Modern Architecture. Modernism in architecture is a more convoluted affair. The word. The ultimate, most extreme and simplest work of abstract art painted in the early 20th century is a black square. Just that. Crackling with time, it survives as a baffling, unforgettable icon.
Although elements of abstraction are present in earlier artworks, the roots of modern abstract art are to be found in Cubism. Among other important abstract styles that developed in the 20th century are Orphism, Rayonism, Constructivism, Tachisme, Abstract Expressionism, and Op Art.