Fighting continued, almost all of it within the territory assigned to the Palestinian state AboutPalestinians fled or were expelled in the conflict. They were ordered to secure only the sections of Palestine given to the Arabs under the partition plan.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. October Learn how and when to remove this template message The war was part of the Arab—Israeli conflictan ongoing dispute that included many battles and wars sincewhen the state of Israel was formed.
Notwithstanding Abba Eban's Israeli Minister of Foreign Affairs in insistence that this was indeed the case, there seems to be no solid evidence to corroborate his claim.
No formal peace proposal was made either directly or indirectly by Israel. The Americans, who were briefed of the Cabinet's decision by Eban, were not asked to convey it to Cairo and Damascus as official peace proposals, nor were they given indications that Israel expected a reply.
The eight participating states — Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, Iraq, Algeria, Kuwait, and Sudan — passed a resolution that would later become known as the "three no's": Prior to that, King Hussein of Jordan had stated that he could not rule out a possibility of a "real, permanent peace" between Israel and the Arab states.
A ceasefire was signed in August He was succeeded by Anwar Sadat. Sadat set forth to the Egyptian Parliament his intention of arranging an interim agreement as a step towards a settlement on 4 Februarywhich extended the terms of the ceasefire and envisaged a reopening of the Suez Canal in exchange for a partial Israeli pullback.
It resembled a proposal independently made by Moshe Dayan. Sadat had signaled in an interview with the New York Times in December that, in return for a total withdrawal from the Sinai Peninsula, he was ready "to recognize the rights of Israel as an independent state as defined by the Security Council of the United Nations.
Egypt responded by accepting much of Jarring's proposals, though differing on several issues, regarding the Gaza Stripfor example, and expressed its willingness to reach an accord if it also implemented the provisions of United Nations Security Council Resolution This was the first time an Arab government had gone public declaring its readiness to sign a peace agreement with Israel.
When the committee unanimously concluded that Israel's interests would be served by full withdrawal to the internationally recognized lines dividing Israel from Egypt and Syria, returning the Gaza Strip and, in a majority view, returning most of the West Bank and East Jerusalem, Meir was angered and shelved the document.
Jarring was disappointed and blamed Israel for refusing to accept a complete pullout from the Sinai peninsula.
Hafez al-Assadthe leader of Syria, had a different view. He had little interest in negotiation and felt the retaking of the Golan Heights would be a purely military option.
After the Six-Day War, Assad had launched a massive military buildup and hoped to make Syria the dominant military power of the Arab states. With the aid of Egypt, Assad felt that his new army could win convincingly against Israel and thus secure Syria's role in the region.
Assad only saw negotiations beginning once the Golan Heights had been retaken by force, which would induce Israel to give up the West Bank and Gaza, and make other concessions. Sadat also had important domestic concerns in wanting war.
A desiccated economy added to the nation's despondency. War was a desperate option. Egypt's economy was in shambles, but Sadat knew that the deep reforms that he felt were needed would be deeply unpopular among parts of the population.
A military victory would give him the popularity he needed to make changes. A portion of the Egyptian population, most prominently university students who launched wide protests, strongly desired a war to reclaim the Sinai and was highly upset that Sadat had not launched one in his first three years in office.The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue.
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The Yom Kippur War, Israeli Defense Minister Moshe Dayan stated that "The cease-fire existed on paper, but the continued firing along the front was not the only characteristic of the situation between October 24, and January 18, (Intelligence and Research section in the State Department), but his conclusions were ignored at.